PRIMaTE - PRIvacy preserving Multi-compartiment Trusted Execution

Home » PRIMaTE - PRIvacy preserving Multi-compartiment Trusted Execution
Date: 
01/06/2018 to 31/12/2022

Project Description:

Nowadays, a wide variety of online services (e.g., web search engines, location-based services, recommender systems) are being used by billions of users on a daily basis. Key to the success of these services is the personalisation of their results, that is returning to each user those results that are closer to her interests. For instance, given a web search query sent by two different users, search engines generally rank differently the search results to best fit each user preferences.

However, according to the underlying application, user profiles may contain sensitive information about end users. In this context, it becomes urgent to devise mechanisms that allow users to securely access online services without fearing that their data will be leaked out from the cloud platforms where it is being stored and processed. The proposed PRIMaTE project addresses privacy-preserving in online services. We propose a system that reduces and precisely specifies trust assumptions, while still providing improved performance compared to the state of the art.

Our key contribution will be to systematically decompose these services in strongly hardware-secured compartments, where each them has only access to the essentially necessary data to perform the assigned task. In case of security breaches for example due to attackers exploiting a weakness in the code of one or even multiple compartments, the impact of the leaked data will be kept at bounds and their effect can be precisely quantified. Thus, the attacker might only learn certain aspects of a profile but cannot link it to a user.

PRIMaTE achieves this goal by utilizing novel trusted execution support offered by recent commodity processors such as the 2016 introduced Skylake generation of Intel processors. Trusted execution as offered by Intel Software Guard Extensions (SGX) is a disruptive technology that will impact how code and data is protected in the future. PRIMaTE will utilize trusted execution to devise novel privacy-preserving online services. While current research on trusted execution focused either on deploying whole legacy applications such as a databases in a single Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) or on ad-hoc solutions to split existing applications into two parts a trusted and untrusted one PRIMaTE aims for a more systematic and fine-grained approach. It targets to develop a methodology to split privacy-preserving online services into multiple interacting compartments each implemented by a TEE. Thereby, each TEE should handle as little data as possible and have a tailored and therefore minimal trusted computing base. While the latter makes it hard to exploit a PRIMaTE TEE, the former limits the exposed information if an attacker is able to successfully break into a TEE.

Week: 
Wednesday, 12 December, 2018

Future Events

The third Annual Fraud & Financial Crime Europe will focus on analysing the risks to determine the solutions in combating Fraud and Financial Crime.

01/09/2020 to 02/09/2020

Information security and privacy have already been established as some of the most crucial aspects of technology especially in a world that is migrating to digital applications by the day. This has inevitably led to the emergence of technologies that support the safety and dependability of the ever-increasing sensitive data handled by these applications. Additionally, besides these technologies which target security by their design, there are other technologies, such as machine learning, which could potentially be applied to security in innovative schemes. 

17/09/2020 to 18/09/2020